Summary of Licence Application DIR 145
An application has been made under the Gene Technology Act 2000 (the Act) for Dealings involving the Intentional Release (DIR) of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into the Australian environment.
The proposed dealings
Monsanto Australia Limited (Monsanto) proposes the commercial release of two types of genetically modified (GM) cotton. XtendFlex™ cotton contains three genes that confer tolerance to the herbicides glyphosate, glufosinate and dicamba. Bollgard® 3 XtendFlex™ cotton contains the same three introduced genes for herbicide tolerance and three introduced genes that confer insect resistance and marker genes that were used for the selection of plants during the early stages of research.
XtendFlex™ was produced by conventional breeding of two parental GM cottons. Bollgard® 3 XtendFlex™ was produced by conventional breeding of four GM parental cottons, including the two used to produce XtendFlex™.
1 The application title submitted by Monsanto Australia Limited was “Licence Application to the OGTR for the general release of Gossypium hirsutum genetically modified for insect resistance and herbicide tolerance in Australia”
The aim of the proposal is to introduce the GM cottons into the Australian cropping system. If a licence is issued, the GM cottons and their derived products would enter general commerce, including use in human food and animal feed. Food Standards Australia New Zealand has assessed and approved food made from the parent GM cottons. These approvals include food made from any offspring produced through conventional breeding, and therefore no further approvals are required for the XtendFlex™ and Bollgard® 3 XtendFlex™ cottons.